Fitness tests are one way to record how you are progressing over time. Here are some ideas for fitness tests that you can perform at home to track advancements in your fitness. They don’t require a lot of equipment or space.
Repeat the fitness tests every three to four weeks. Build some of the test exercises into your workout plan to practice between tests. The test is the workout, and the workout is the test.
If you notice positive changes in your performance upon retesting, you know that you’re making strides towards improved fitness, and that is a non-scale victory to celebrate.
Your first test is your baseline. Take note of your performance and try to improve upon it the next time you test.
RESTING HEART RATE
Resting heart rate is an excellent way to measure improvements in cardiovascular fitness. If you don’t wear a fitness watch or have a heart-rate monitor that tracks your resting heart rate, you can take your pulse with two fingers on the inside of your wrist before you get out of bed in the morning.
Once you feel the pulse on your wrist, count pulses for 60 seconds to get your heart-rate, perform the test three days in a row, first thing in the morning before getting out of bed, under the same calm conditions. Average the readings over three days to get your resting heart rate.
According to National Academy of Sports Medicine, a typical heart rate is between 70 and 80 beats per minute; with the average for a female is 75 beats. Generally speaking, as your cardiovascular fitness improves, your resting heart rate will decrease.
Stand by balancing on one foot and close your eyes. Time how long you can stand without falling over. (It’s harder than it seems). Record your time and repeat on the other leg.
PUSH UP TEST
Set a timer for one minute (or 30 seconds for a beginner) and perform as many pushups as you can complete in that time frame. Only count full reps with your chest touching the floor with perfect form, half reps don’t count. Even though this is a timed test, do not rush the reps or sacrifice form. If your form deviates, the test is over.
If you are not able to do push-ups yet, start with an elevated push-up (hands on a bench with your feet on the floor) or push-up from your knees until you get strong enough to do full reps. Record the number of perfect reps performed in the designated time frame.
WALL SIT TEST
A wall sit tests your lower body muscle endurance. Place your back flat against a wall and lower your body until your knees are at a 90-degree angle and your thighs are parallel to the ground. Keep your arms straight down at your sides, do not lean forward or place your hands on your thighs. Set a timer and hold for as long as you can. Record your time.
ELBOW PLANK TEST
An elbow plank tests your core stability and muscle endurance. Position your elbows on the floor with your shoulders directly over your elbows. Hold your body in a straight line from your ankles to your shoulders, with your neck neutral.
Be sure your hips do not hike or sag (these compensations makes the exercise easier—your body’s way of cheating the exercise). Set a timer and track how long you can hold a plank position with perfect form. Once your form deviates, the test is over.
STRAIGHT-ARM PLANK W/SHOULDER TAP
Start in a straight arm plank position with your wrists directly under your shoulders. Keep your body in a straight line from your shoulders to your ankles. Do not allow your hips to hike or sag. While keeping your pelvis square to the ground, lift your right arm off the ground and tap your left shoulder. Now lift your left arm and touch your right shoulder. Do not allow your body to rotate; imagine you have a glass of water balancing on your tailbone; don’t let it spill.
Set the timer for one minute (or 30 seconds for beginners) and count the number of shoulder taps you can perform without rotating your body (if you turn your body, the rep doesn’t count).
JUMP ROPE TEST
Set the timer for one minute (30 seconds for beginners). Jump rope with your feet together (no single leg skipping) on a soft surface, like grass or rubber. If you miss a jump it doesn’t count, start over where you left off after a misstep. Record the number of complete jumps in the designated time frame.
ONE MILE RUN TEST
You can track improvements to your aerobic capacity with a one-mile run. It’s best to run outdoors on a flat surface, the same route each time you test.
You can use GPS on a smartwatch or phone app to measure the one-mile mark, or drive the route in your car to verify the distance, or take your test to a local track (four times around the track on the inside lane is one mile on a 400-meter track). Run at a pace that feels challenging, but that you can hold for one mile. Don’t sprint at full speed as you won’t be able to keep that effort for a mile.
Take note of how many minutes it takes you to complete the mile.
HEART RATE RECOVERY TEST
Take your heart rate fully rested immediately before your one-mile run test. Retake your heart rate immediately upon completion of the mile. Retake your heart rate two minutes after completing the mile.
As your fitness improves, you will notice lower heart rates at faster or similar speeds and faster recovery of your heart rate after two minutes.
Fitness testing can be a motivating tool because you likely wouldn’t notice these improvements without performing the tests. It can be a monthly reminder that your hard work is paying off.